Architectural Home Style Guide
Types of Houses
There are thousands of architectural house types to choose from, ranging from the grandiose to the quant to the modern. the type of interior design that will work in your home is greatly influenced by the style of your property. These home styles span decades, and not only are restored with great care but they are also re-created in some new constructions. Some styles even incorporate aspects from both traditional and contemporary designs.
Aside from aesthetics, understanding a home’s age can help you anticipate frequent concerns that afflict various styles – check out some of the most common house styles in the United States below to find which one best fits your family’s lifestyle.
Simply put, modern farmhouse-style homes take their interior and external design cues from their namesake structures. Rectangular in shape, modern farmhouses have a range of common features, including tall rooms with high ceilings, exposed beams, a spacious front porch, and a fireplace in the middle are all common features. The roofs of some farmhouse-style residences are designed like barns, but others are not. Exposed stone and brick are used to give off a rustic vibe. The modern farmhouse style combines this primitive aesthetic with cleaner lines and other current architectural design trends.
Modern farmhouse-style usually incorporates:
- Lines that are both clean and inviting.
- A size that is suitable for a family.
The Cape Cod-style was born in the 1700s in the Massachusetts area. These homes are lovely, but they’re also tough, having been built to weather the harsh New England winters. Wood siding, shingles on the roof, and a central entryway with two windows on either side are all features of early Cape Cod houses. Today these homes are created much larger than they used to be and as a result, more windows are used.
The following are some of the best attributes of a Cape Cod:
- Expandability in the back, either by adding vertically or horizontally.
- Roofs with a steep gable and or two or more tiny dormers.
After WWII, the Bauhaus movement gave birth to the Mid-Century Modern design. Huge windows and a blend of natural and man-made materials characterize mid-century modern homes, which have a clean, uncluttered style that meets an appreciation for nature through large windows. These residences’ architectural design is well-considered, allowing functionality to inspire form.
The following are the most well-known features of the mid-century modern look:
- An open floor plan and clean lines
- Several large windows
- Natural, minimal touches
Colonial houses have a lot in common with Cape Cod houses. These homes date back from the 1600s and are symmetrical, clean, and usually rectangular in shape. The colonial style contains many influences, which are characterized by the country that inhabited the territory at the time they were built. These numerous types of colonials include English, French, Dutch, Georgian, Spanish, and American (which closely resembles English). The grand entrance is matched by a central staircase, and this home style is normally at least two stories tall.
The characteristics of a Colonial-style home:
- the layout is center-hall with the chimney in the center.
- A long, pitched roof that is shorter in the front and slopes down in the back.
The Craftsman style emphasizes the importance of well-crafted structures. In contrast to mass-produced or cookie-cutter home developments, craftsman houses are often horizontal and robust. they have beautiful hand-worked materials, exposed beams, low-pitched gable roofs, and tapered columns on their porches. Custom components such as built-in bookcases and a hand-built fireplace may be found inside.
The following are some of the characteristics of a Craftsman home:
- Low-slung gabled roof with overhanging eaves.
- Front porches with wide columns.
- Natural elements such as stone, brick, wood, or stucco are used in combination.
Spanish and Italian villas are incorporated into Mediterranean-style residences. they are especially popular in temperate climates like California and Florida, where there is a significant emphasis on indoor-outdoor living. Tiled roofs, white stucco walls, warm stone, wood, and metalwork on balconies and windows are all features of Mediterranean-style homes. Even though most Mediterranean-style homes have a neutral appearance, beautiful tile work typically adds a pop of color.
Other characteristics of the Mediterranean style include:
Modern design arose in opposition to late-nineteenth-century architecture that was extremely ornate, crowded, and extravagant. As a result, many of these homes were built to blur the lines between indoors and outside. They make use of the surrounding environment to enhance the home’s features by following the terrain’s lines around the house with the roof.
Other characteristics of a modern-style home include:
Modernist styles are increasingly included in Contemporary houses. Contemporary-style homes utilize eco-friendly materials and designs which highlight clean lines and natural textures. The exterior color palettes are usually more neutral, with color added to the interior.
Contemporaries can also include the following features:
- A roof with a flat or gabled shape.
- There is only one level and the floor plan is open.
- Lines that are asymmetric.
Frank Lloyd Wright designed the low-slung, open prairie style in the Midwest, based on the idea that houses should serve human needs without being overly spectacular. They pay homage to the Midwest’s long, low landscape. Their most distinguishing feature is a focus on the horizontal rather than the vertical. They have flat or shallow hipped rooflines, rows of windows, overhanging eaves, and bands of stone, wood, or brick over the surface of their lots. Cantilevers often prolong the horizontal line without vertical support, and thin Roman bricks occasionally accentuate the appearance. Even downspouts’ unpleasant verticals are either eliminated or carefully avoided.
Prairie characteristics include:
- Overhanging low-pitched roof.
- Chimney in the center.
Ranch-style homes first appeared in the 1930s, but their popularity increased dramatically in the 1950s. Low-pitched roofs, huge windows, sliding glass doors, large backyards, open living spaces, and attached garages are common features of these homes. Split-level, fairytale, California, and elevated ranch are some of the variations. For instance, ranch homes in California are constructed in a ‘U’ shape with a large outside backyard for easy outdoor access.
Ranch-style homes design typically provide large open or semi-open floor layouts, as well as:
- Two-level design.
- Smaller yard with a lower roof.
In the late 1800s, European-trained architects introduced the Tudor home style to the United States, and it became fashionable in the 1920s. The Tudor style’s stone masonry, timber framing, high gable roofs, and classic leaded windows were inspired by late Medieval and early Renaissance architectural components. Straight out of a whimsical children’s book about knights and princesses, these homes are usually asymmetrical.
The following are some of the Tudor-style details:
- Very high ceilings
- Fireplaces that are made of stone or limestone.
- There are wood features all over the place, including massive beams.
First in the 1830s and being trendy till the early 1900s, Victorian-style homes were built and named after Queen Victoria. Ornate components, bay windows, modest towers, porches, steep gable roofs, and brilliantly colored facades are typical. There are many distinct designs based on these main characteristics, including more ornate forms like gothic revival and Queen Anne, as well as less decorative types like folk.
The following are some other Victorian features to consider:
- Proximity to major cities’ downtown areas.
- Porch with a wraparound design.
- Dormers, round angles, towers, and turrets.
When you’re thinking about building or buying a house, keep in mind that the design is equally as important as the size and price. Choose an architectural style that you enjoy and that suits your needs and way of life. Looking to change the style of your current home? Talk to us today about our Window Replacement Services, Roof Replacement Services, and Door Replacement Services.